Discover LUGANDA

Luganda is a Bantu language and belongs to the Niger-Congo family of
languages. It is spoken primarily by the Baganda people of Uganda

Main Communities

Kampala, Wakiso, Mukono

Common names in Luganda:

  • Mutebi - conqueror
  • Ssekitoleko - wealth
  • Babirye - first born twin
  • Nakato - the second born twin

Staple Food

Katogo – originally created from a blend of leftovers and to avoid wasting food, Katogo is a a common breakfast meal. It consists of various starches, such as matooke or cassava, and includes vegetables, spices, and proteins like beef, chicken, beans  groundnuts. The ingredients are cooked together and seasoned to create a flavorful and filling dish. Katogo provides a great dose of carbohydrates.

Culture and Traditions

Buganda Kingdom: Luganda is the language spoken in Buganda – the oldest and most prominent kingdom in East Africa. The Buganda kingdom is home to the Baganda people and they are ruled by a Kabaka (King). The Buganda Kingdom is divided into smaller administrative units known as Gombololas and they help to maintain order and governance within the kingdom.

Olubugo – The Luganda word for barkcloth. Uganda is the largest producer of barkcloth which they have made for centuries. It is made from the bark of the Mutuba tree which grows in the Budongo forest. Once harvested, the tree is wrapped with banana leaves that help it to regrow
making this process very sustainable. Olubugo is known for its natural brown color, soft texture, and distinct patterns. It is used to make a variety of things such as dress, storage containers, and bedding. Ugandan barkcloth production is a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Notable figures:

Eddy Kenzo – Musician. He is well known for his 2014 hit song Sitya Loss which garnered him international fame. Kenzo won the2015 BET Award for Viewer's Choice Best New International Artist, making history as the first Ugandan artist to win the prestigious award. He was also nominated for a Grammy.

Dr. Apolo Milton Obote - Politician. He played a key role in leading Uganda to independence in 1962 and was the country's first prime minister. Obote went on to become president of Uganda in 1966 and again in 1980. He received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1989 for his contributions to peace and diplomacy.

Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala - Religious leader. He served as the Archbishop of Kampala from 1989 to 2006 and worked to promote social justice, peace, and reconciliation between different religious and ethnic groups in Uganda, fostering unity and cooperation within Ugandan society.